Incidencia del entrenamiento de fuerza en la población infantojuvenil revisión sistemática


Resumen

El objetivo de esta revisión fue conocer la influencia que tiene el entrenamiento de fuerza en la población infantojuvenil, además de buscar los posibles riesgos o beneficios que pueda ocasionar el entrenamiento de esta aptitud física. Se ha llevado a cabo una revisión sistemática de estudios de intervención sobre el impacto que produce el entrenamiento de la fuerza en sujetos con una edad comprendida entre 6 y 18 años. Los estudios utilizados en esta revisión se identificaron a través de la base de datos PubMed, seleccionando aquellos escritos en inglés o castellano, desde el 2010 hasta la actualidad. La revisión se efectuó entre los meses de Noviembre de 2020 hasta Mayo de 2021. Se identificaron un total de 328 artículos en la búsqueda inicial, de los cuales 20 artículos fueron elegidos para esta revisión sistemática. Dentro de las principales evidencias encontradas, los beneficios derivados del entrenamiento de fuerza se imponen notablemente a los riesgos, siempre y cuando el programa de entrenamiento sea supervisado y pautado por personal cualificado, individualizando la carga a las necesidades de cada sujeto. Asimismo, el entrenamiento de fuerza en esta población contribuye a mejorar el rendimiento de distintas habilidades motoras y actividades deportivas, resultando además una estrategia eficaz ante patologías como la obesidad.


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Cómo citar

Mantilla Fernández, D., Maza Somarriba, M., & Picabea Arburu, J. (2021). Incidencia del entrenamiento de fuerza en la población infantojuvenil. MLS Sport Research, 1(2). Recuperado a partir de https://www.mlsjournals.com/Sport-Research/article/view/739


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