Efectos del baile en pacientes con Párkinson: revisión sistemática


Resumen

El objetivo de esta revisión fue conocer los efectos de distintos programas de baile en la mejora de los síntomas y calidad de vida de pacientes con enfermedad de párkinson (EP). Se llevó a cabo una revisión sistemática de diferentes programas de baile en tres bases de datos (Google académico, Pubmed y Dialnet). Se incluyeron 14 ensayos con un total de 469 participantes y se evaluaron distintas modalidades de baile, los cuales mostraron resultados favorables en la función motora, cognitiva y calidad de vida de las personas con EP. La modalidad del tango, seguida de la samba parece ser la más idónea para este tipo de enfermedad, produciendo mayores mejoras en el equilibrio, velocidad de movimiento y patrón de marcha, debido a su variedad de movimientos y característico ritmo marcado. Sin embargo, los dos bailes más desafiantes fueron el vals y el cha-cha-cha, debido al cruce de los pies, cambios de dirección y menor sujeción. A pesar de existir la necesidad de una continua investigación y programas de mayor duración, el análisis de resultados sugiere que el baile puede ser un tratamiento efectivo en pacientes con EP, ya que se aprecia una disminución de los síntomas y por lo tanto una mejora de la calidad de vida.  


 


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López Campo, N., & Picabea Arburu, J. M. (2021). Efectos del baile en pacientes con Párkinson: revisión sistemática. MLS Sport Research, 1(1). Recuperado a partir de https://www.mlsjournals.com/Sport-Research/article/view/644


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