Asociación entre resistencia cardiorrespiratoria y madurez intelectual en niños de escuela primaria: implicaciones educativas


Resumen

Objetivo. Este estudio analizó la relación entre la resistencia cardiorrespiratoria de estudiantes de 10 a 12 años y su madurez intelectual como indicador para mejorar el rendimiento académico. Método. Los datos se recogieron de centros de Educación Primaria de España. Participaron un total de 150 niños de 5° y 6° grado (edad = 10,72 ± 1,25 años). La prueba de Leger midió la aptitud cardiorrespiratoria, la prueba de dibujo de Goodenough-Harris evaluó la madurez intelectual y las calificaciones escolares el rendimiento académico. Resultados. Se encontraron diferencias significativas entre los géneros; los chicos mostraron mayor resistencia cardiorrespiratoria. Sin embargo, no hubo diferencias significativas de género en la edad mental. Los niños con mejores puntuaciones físicas de resistencia aeróbica obtuvieron mejores resultados en la prueba de dibujo de Goodenough-Harris. A su vez, la madurez intelectual resultó ser un indicador sólido del rendimiento académico. Conclusiones. Existe una relación entre la madurez intelectual y la resistencia cardiorrespiratoria en niños del tercer ciclo de Educación Primaria, lo cual es relevante para la salud y el rendimiento académico.


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Sánchez Boyano, J. M., & Berrios Aguayo, B. (2022). Asociación entre resistencia cardiorrespiratoria y madurez intelectual en niños de escuela primaria: implicaciones educativas. MLS Sport Research, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.54716/mlssr.v2i1.1349


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