Eficacia de un programa de intervención basado en la terapia dialéctico-conductual en pacientes con trastorno límite de la personalidad


Resumen

El Trastorno Límite de la Personalidad (TLP) se considera un grave problema de salud mental, siendo una de las intervenciones para su tratamiento más eficaces la Terapia Dialéctico Conductual (DBT). El objetivo de este estudio es comprobar la eficacia de un programa de gestión emocional basado en la DBT para pacientes que tienen un diagnóstico de TLP, compuesto por cuatro bloques: mindfulness, eficacia interpersonal, regulación emocional y tolerancia al estrés. Se reclutó a 4 residentes del Centro Hospitalario Padre Menni de Santander, y se aplicó una evaluación pretratamiento y postratamiento para medir las variables: ansiedad, depresión, funcionamiento global, regulación emocional, ideación suicida e impulsividad. Tras la aplicación se llevó a cabo el análisis de los resultados a través del estadístico ANOVA de medidas repetidas, aportando cambios estadísticamente significativos en la variable “regulación emocional” en la subescala supresión expresiva. Sin embargo, en base a los resultados obtenidos en la evaluación pre y postratamiento, si se ha producido un cambio clínicamente significativo, cumpliendo así de manera parcial los objetivos específicos. No obstante, se discutieron los resultados de la investigación planteando líneas a futuro en base a las limitaciones e implicaciones prácticas, contando con una muestra más significativa y adaptando el formato de la intervención.


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Cómo citar

García Saiz, A., & Bueno, A. (2021). Eficacia de un programa de intervención basado en la terapia dialéctico-conductual en pacientes con trastorno límite de la personalidad. MLS Psychology Research, 4(2). https://doi.org/10.33000/mlspr.v4i2.704


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